The effects of high taxes on tobacco
Australia's National Tobacco Campaign: evaluation report vol.
Effects of raising cigarette taxes
Chapman S. Canberra: AIHW, A tax is regressive if lower incomes are taxed proportionally more than higher incomes. This point of view is still contentious among economists, however, and some estimate that for most intents and purposes, tobacco tax increases are also regressive even at the population level [ ]. Tobacco in Australia: facts and issues. Chapter 5. For example, several studies recommended that price increases should be combined with a comprehensive tobacco control program for maximum effectiveness, but did not provide evidence regarding specific contributions from individual policies or combinations of policies.
Some propose that increasing tobacco taxes is actually progressive at the population level because of the potentially greater accrued health benefits of reduced smoking [ ]. Health Economics ;12 10 — The answers to these questions underscore the need for further research.
Tobacco Control ;12 suppl.
Disadvantages of tax on cigarettes
Tax, price and adult tobacco use. However, the impact of the tax increase varies from state-to-state, based on the starting pack price. Also, studies generally have used large datasets that are not built to address specific questions regarding taxation. Chapter 5. Also, CPI: group, sub-group and expenditure class, index numbers by capital city. Journal of Health Economics ;22 5 — However, many studies strongly agree on the importance of addressing poverty and social disparities for those who continue to smoke. Impact of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns on monthly adult smoking prevalence: time series analysis. White V and Smith G.
Cigarette demand: a meta-analysis of elasticities. Estimating price elasticities when there is smuggling; the sensitivity of smoking to price in Canada.
Only one study examined the interactions among tobacco control policies for youth [ 87 ], although 22 of 67 studies Table 7a in [ 27 ] incorporated one or more other tobacco control policies in their analysis. Higher tobacco taxes also save money by reducing tobacco-related health care costs, including Medicaid expenses.
In addition, the smoking declines that reduce tobacco tax revenues will simultaneously produce much larger reductions in government and private sector smoking-caused health care and other costs over time.
The majority of studies on youth smoking rely on data from school-based surveys. Low SES The majority of studies rated strong or moderate reported significant smoking participation and consumption effects for low income, low education populations.
The Australian Retail Tobacconist s;51 to 59 February editions :x-x. The lack of data makes it difficult to assess the impact of taxation on certain groups or to evaluate trends across the six subpopulations.
Benefits of increasing tax on cigarettes
International Agency for Research on Cancer. Impact of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns on monthly adult smoking prevalence: time series analysis. The importance of tobacco taxes Jan. Inadvertent effects of price increases were discussed in only one of the Youth studies [ 56 ] and not in any Young Adult studies. Tobacco in Australia: facts and issues. Hayes L. Chaloupka and Pacula [ 64 ] argue that because tobacco is an addictive substance, response to increased prices will occur more slowly than for non-addictive goods; therefore long-term gains may be larger than short-term gains. Canberra: ABS,
National Drug Strategy monograph series no.
based on 86 review