The economic and social benefits of

Similarly, despite the relatively low number of responses from Oceania and North and Central America, most of the countries with significant forest areas in these two regions provided some information e.

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Economic benefits

Although it is still difficult to assess whether the extraction of many nontimber forest products falls within sustainable levels, research is underway to better understand management options and harvesting impacts. This was particularly a problem for fuelwood removals e. Labor, forestry businesses, and governments each receive a significant share of the wealth derived from the forest sector. Given the current and projected trends in wood supply, it can be expected that more countries will display such a trend in the future. Secondary manufacturing of timber products has increased markedly since , which increases the economic benefits derived from each cubic metre of wood harvested. Element 5. In a project for the European Commission, Ecologic Institute analyzed the social and economic benefits of enhanced environmental protection in ENP countries. Similarly, 37—41 percent of countries reported on the value of fuelwood removals, also with most reporting for The results are available for download now. Subscribe Thanks. Forests are critically important storage of carbon — storing around 34 billion tons of carbon, equal to billion tons of CO2. At the regional level, a higher proportion of countries in Asia, Europe and South America provided information. The level of industrial roundwood removals in that country has increased throughout the period, but the value has fallen and then risen again. Ecologic Institute contributed the country studies for Israel [pdf, 2. They are found in national income accounts and can often be obtained relatively easily Lebedys,

And around 10 billion m3 of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, could potentially be captured from improved landfills. The availability of information about the value of wood removals is quite good, as the countries providing this information account for a significant proportion of total global production.

In South America, the reported value of wood removals declined significantly from tobut has since partly recovered — largely due to changes in Brazil, where the reported value of wood removals has followed a similar pattern. Sustainable forest management requires that forests be managed to provide a broad range of goods and services over the long term.

Economic importance of forests pdf

The present analysis examines the value of wood removals from forests only i. However, these figures have not been adjusted for inflation. In part, this can be attributed to lower levels of removals in these countries over the period. All project reports, including those for the remaining ENP countries, can be downloaded from the project website. In particular, the reported trend in Asia shows a significant decline, reflecting the declines reported in some major countries e. Industrial roundwood and fuelwood were reported separately for FRA and are analysed separately here. At the regional level, a higher proportion of countries in Asia, Europe and South America provided information. Ecologic Institute contributed the country studies for Israel [pdf, 2. Sustainable forest management also includes consideration of the distribution of benefits in society. The countries reporting on either or both of these figures for account for almost 80 percent of the global forest area, although countries reporting for all three years account for only half of the area Figure 7. Similarly, despite the relatively low number of responses from Oceania and North and Central America, most of the countries with significant forest areas in these two regions provided some information e. A structural change such as this could also partly account for the trend in Asia.

Growth through trade directly benefits the world's poor although free trade is not necessarily equitable Examples of gains from trade Source: World Trade Organisation Subscribe to email updates from tutor2u Economics Join s of fellow Economics teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Economics team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning.

This information is used to develop and monitor national policies, set priorities and allocate resources. This was particularly a problem for fuelwood removals e.

social benefits synonym

Rather, it could indicate that the sector has become more cost-efficient. Although it is still difficult to assess whether the extraction of many nontimber forest products falls within sustainable levels, research is underway to better understand management options and harvesting impacts.

In addition, Table 7. Economic, social, and environmental sustainability goals depend on a level of resource use that does not exceed the long-term productive capacity of the resource base to provide a wide range of goods and services.

Growth in the forest sector lagged behind that of the rest of the Canadian economy for several decades but is now on average similar.

Increasing the renewable energy share of the energy mix also offers a major opportunity for reducing greenhouse gas emissions as well as creating employment.

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Economic and Social Benefits from Trade