Education and globalization
How does globalization affect education
New York : Harper and Row. In education it has merits for students and educators but there is also a sense of an unhealthy takeover of education by market forces. Giddens, Anthony. The inexorable transformation of consciousness brought on by globalization alters the content and contours of education, as schools take on an increasingly important role in the process. Prior to the s, accounts of globalization focused on a professed tendency of societies to converge in becoming modern, described initially by Clark Kerr and colleagues as the emergence of industrial man. Some scholars, including Howard R. Increased emphasis on formalism in schooling could plausibly contribute to this result. He found that children in impoverished areas attending schools more distant from the cultural mainstream had more favorable views of, and expressed stronger attachment to, national core symbols than children in schools closer to the mainstream. Related Articles. This central idea of globalization is conducive to the idea of education. Hoogvelt, Ankie.
The Modern World System. The main difficulty with modernization theory was its focus on changes within societies or nations and comparisons between them—with Western societies as their main reference points—to the neglect of the interconnectedness among them, and, indeed, their interdependence, and the role played by non-Western countries in the development of the West.
Disadvantages of globalization on education
The spread of democracy, too, is part of globalization, giving more people access to the political processes that affect their lives, but also, in many places, concealing deeply rooted socioeconomic inequities as well as areas of policy over which very few individuals have a voice. With contemporary globalization, penetration of the world periphery by means of education has been accomplished mainly in other ways, especially as contingent on structural adjustment and democratization projects. Welch, Anthony R. As part of the impetus toward efficiency in the expenditure of resources, structural adjustment policies also encourage objective measures of school performance and have advanced the use of cross-national school effectiveness studies. Inkeles, Alex, and Smith, David Horton. Early examples of educational globalization include the spread of global religions, especially Islam and Christianity , and colonialism, which often disrupted and displaced indigenous forms of schooling throughout much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. For a student seeking to extend boundaries and break barriers, globalization provides an opportunity of a lifetime. However, encouraging user fees to help finance schooling has meant a reduced ability of people in some impoverished areas of the world to buy books and school materials and even attend school, thus enlarging the gap between rich and poor and impeding democracy. Globalization has merits and demerits in economics, business and politics. Children living in more traditional, culturally homogeneous and isolated areas tend to be more naive about the outside world and lack the tools and experience to assess objectively the political content that schools convey. Although the theory of globalization is relatively new, the process is not. Toennies, Ferdinand. In other words, schools perform as a filter to sanitize reality, but their effectiveness is differential; their capacity to filter is larger the farther they move out into the periphery. Jarvis, Peter. White, Bob W.
Evidence on the accommodation of people at the periphery to the dominant ideology embodied in Westernized schooling is thus not consistent.
Characteristics of Globalization With a Link to Education Laura Pru - Updated May 17, Globalization is the idea that our world is becoming a unified whole with little or no cultural or social conflict.
Yet they also shift support from "old" industries to newer ones, creating dislocations and forcing some workers out of jobs, and have provoked large and even violent demonstrations in several countries.
Prior to the s, accounts of globalization focused on a professed tendency of societies to converge in becoming modern, described initially by Clark Kerr and colleagues as the emergence of industrial man.
Epstein explained these findings by reasoning that it is easier for children living in more remote areas to accept myths taught by schools regarding the cultural mainstream.
With contemporary globalization, penetration of the world periphery by means of education has been accomplished mainly in other ways, especially as contingent on structural adjustment and democratization projects.
The notion of the world community being transformed into a global village, as introduced in by Marshall McLuhan in an influential book about the newly shared experience of mass media, was likely the first expression of the contemporary concept of globalization.
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