Proficient The fourth stage is called fluency and is characterized by the progress of the learner from the step-by-step analysis and solving of the situation to the holistic perception of the entirety of the situation.
Better cognitive filtering occurs, where problems are no longer a huge confusing collection of data but instead become a complete and unique whole where some bits are much more relevant than others. The students participated more in classroom discussions and were eager to share their experiences and ask questions.
Stage 4: Proficient The proficient performer perceives situations as wholes rather than in terms of chopped up parts or aspects, and performance is guided by maxims. The third is a passage from detached observation to involved performer.
The novice is then given rules for determining an action on the basis of these features. Honesty is described as being genuine or open to the other, being fully present. Because of this format, the stories have been minimally edited.
As an expert educator, I have the ability to evoke in students a desire to learn both inside and outside of the classroom. The challenge for expert nurse educators is to articulate expert practice to the novice or advanced beginner educator.
Expert practice is characterized by increased intuitive links between seeing the salient issues in a situation and ways of responding to them.
The expert nurse, with an enormous background of experience, now has an intuitive grasp of each situation and zeroes in on the accurate region of the problem without wasteful consideration of a large range of unfruitful, alternative diagnoses and solutions.
A Five-Stage Model of the mental activities involved in direct skill acquisition.
Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley, pp. They feel personal satisfaction in confronting challenges to achieve a high standard of excellence within their field.